A Dictionary of Marxist Thought

A Dictionary of Marxist Thought

Language: English

Pages: 664

ISBN: 0631180826

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Part dictionary and part encyclopedia, this book has become the standard reference work on the concepts of Marxism and the individuals and schools of thought that have subsequently contributed to the body of Marxist ideas.

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any experience of political struggle. Ultimately, the Soviet government as established by the Bolsheviks was bound to become the dictatorship of a party within the proletariat. While all the writers discussed so far examined the Soviet form in relation to immediate political questions, Gramsci (1977) undertook a more theoretical analysis, sometimes verging on utopianism, of the nature of the councils; and speculated on their relationships with other proletarian organizations. The Factory Council

generates a 'demand gap', and the greater the share of profits to wages in value added, the greater this demand gap. Of course capitalists do consume a portion of their profits, and this helps to fill some of the gap. Nonetheless, the bulk of their income is saved, not consumed, and in Keynesian fashion these savings are viewed as a 'leakage' from demand whose ultimate basis remains the restricted income and consumption of the masses. If this portion of the demand gap corresponding to

of rapid industrialization, mobilization for the 'Great Patriotic War' against the Nazi invaders, post-war reconstruction and the prosecution of the Cold War. It was the vehicle for rapid economic growth and regional development, maintained full employment and low rates of inflation, and was associated with some increase in standards of living and cultural development. It coexisted with appalling repression and violation of individual freedom and was the vehicle for arbitrary decision-making,

the superstructure is not autonomous, that it does not emerge out of itself, but has a foundation in the social RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION. Consequently, any particular set of economic relations determines the existence of specific forms of state and social consciousness which are adequate to its functioning and any change in the economic foundation of a society leads to a transformation of the superstructure. A more detailed description of what is understood by base is given by Marx in a passage

during his first stay in England during 1842-4. He was attached to a Manchester mill in which his father held a partnership, but most of his energy must have been given tofindingout all he could about the mill-workers and their lives, in the harsh grip of the Industrial Revolution. He studied all the statistical information available; his own explorations of Manchester and its environs make his impressions of scenes and human beings vivid for readers even after a century and a half. Engels was a

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