Drug Abuse in Adolescence: Neurobiological, Cognitive, and Psychological Issues

Drug Abuse in Adolescence: Neurobiological, Cognitive, and Psychological Issues

Language: English

Pages: 211

ISBN: 3319367439

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Focusing on two central themes--the psychobiological evolution from youth to adult and the effects of drugs on the developing central nervous system--this important reference elucidates the mechanisms of chemical dependency in adolescents. Its multidisciplinary coverage analyzes addiction across major domains of human functioning against the backdrop of hormonal, cognitive, and other changes that accompany the transition to adulthood. Chapters discuss legal as well as illicit drugs, examine age-related social contexts, and present the latest findings on links between drug use and mental disorders.

Throughout, the contributors make clear that education is more valuable to understanding--and preventing--substance abuse than are prohibition and zero-tolerance thinking.

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5-HT3A,B metabotropic: 5-HT1A,B,D,E,F 5-HT2A,B,C 5-HT4 5-HT5 5-HT6 5-HT7 neuropsychiatric disorders - mood disorders - anxiety disorders - eating disorders - sleep disorder - addiction - migraine 1 2 3 Fig. 3.1   Distribution of receptors of the main neurotransmitters modulated by psychotropic drugs and their relationship with behavior References 1. Wilke M, Holland SK. Variability of gray and white matter during normal development: a voxel-based MRI analysis. Neuroreport.

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investigating samples composed by an equal male to female ratio (these data will be illustrated in 6.1, 6.2 and 6.3 of the following sections). Sample size was relatively low across studies and ranged from 6 [27]–36 [28] participants in both SUD and HC adolescents. Most SUD adolescent samples initiated substance misuse at a mean age of 15 years, while onset of 74 M. Takagi et al. substance misuse ranged between 12 years [29] and 17 years [30, 31] (i.e., mean values). While all of the reviewed

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