Drugs and the World

Drugs and the World

Axel Klein

Language: English

Pages: 221

ISBN: 1861893817

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Drug trafficking and consumption are among the most pressing global issues of our time and the approaches to alleviating them are myriad and complex. With Drugs and the World, Axel Klein takes a remarkably broad approach to the issue, exploring the importance of psychoactive substances to our health and culture.
            To be properly understood, drugs should not be simply examined from a negative point of view, Klein argues. From their centrality in religious rituals to their part in the growth of trade among nation-states, Klein reveals the pivotal role that drugs have played in the advancement of human society. Klein then investigates the modern policies that define certain substances as drugs; the link between drugs, addiction, and crime; and the legal strategies and policies around the world that have largely failed to control global drug trafficking. The book also draws upon studies from the Caribbean, West Africa and Eastern Europe to propose solutions that could reinforce the eroded power of state institutions, law enforcement, and the democratic process in addressing drug trafficking.
A timely and in-depth analysis, Drugs and the World offers an expertly written examination that will be essential for all those concerned with the role of drugs in the modern world.
 

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be human. Far from providing a sinister threat to culture, drugs are the essential ingredient to make it happen. As sacrament in religious ritual, or lubricant in social process, each society’s drug of choice enjoys a place of privilege. This is not merely the outcome of progress, a material benefit of the post-scarcity society. According to some theorists the interrelationship between humans and plant-based drugs provided the foundation for these attainments. The most prolific and poetic

up 122 under the League. The treaty was complemented in 1971 by the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, which brought a range of pharmaceutical substances under control. The 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances added new powers to crack down on global drug trafficking. As of July 2007, some 183 states are party to the first and second of the three conventions, and 182 to the third. These treaties form the architecture of international drug

authority of the state by blocking entry to their neighbourhoods to the police and even the Jamaica Defence Force. Against the backdrop of these external and internal developments, Caribbean states throughout the 1990s began to engage with their major development cooperation partners and multilateral drug control efforts. Given the disparity of resources and power, the small island states have always preferred to negotiate collectively under the auspices of the regional organization, the

Accompanied by technical protocols on how to define and measure controversial questions such as ‘drug-related death’, the entire system is intended as a set of technical instruments to support policy responses. It has been informed by the successive eu resolutions and strategy papers, in which the threat of drugs is defined as a public health issue requiring a rational, political response based on evidence and a sound understanding of what works. Countries in the Balkans, Eastern Europe and

older men with few appropriate qualifications, poor language skills, no support networks or political contacts are firmly shut out of the job market. In addition, many had been brutalized during the long years of civil war and were suffering post-traumatic stress disorders. For many Somali men in the uk and the Netherlands there is solace in the pharmacological uplift of khat and the company of fellow nationals. While a regular habit does prove both a drain on resources and a block to

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