Francisco Goya (Great Masters)

Francisco Goya (Great Masters)

Sarah Carr-Gomm

Language: English

Pages: 161

ISBN: 1840137789

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Great Masters: a series of biographies of legendary artists with selections from their ouevre

Francisco Goya (1746-1828) was recognised from a very early age as the leading artist in Spain, rising to become the official portraitist of the Spanish Court. He was famed for the quality and speed at which he executed his drawings, and his etchings are of extraordinary delicacy. His use of chiaroscuro in his dark, intense paintings influenced many artists, including Manet. This monograph presents the essential works of this pioneering artist, today considered the father of modern art.

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on the same subject as no.18 of the print series La Tauromaquia. El famoso Fernando del Toro, barilarguero, obligando a la fiera con su garrocha (The Celebrated Fernando del Toro Draws the Fierce Beast with His Pike), 1815-1816, etching with aquatint, 24.5 x 35 cm, La Tauromaquia, no.27. Desgracias acaecidas en el tendido de la plaza de Madrid, y muerte del acalde de Torrejón (Unfortunate Events in the front Seats of the Ring of Madrid, and the Death of the Mayor of Torrejón), 1815-1816, etching

Children, 1820-1823, oil on plaster transferred to canvas, 143.5 x 81.4 cm, Prado Museum, Madrid. 128 129 In the last years of the eighteenth century, Goya became interested in the subject of witchcraft at a time when enlightened men and women thought that believing in the occult was a sign of little intelligence. In a letter to his great friend, Martin Zapater, Goya wrote, “I’m not afraid of witches, hobgoblins, apparitions, boastful giants, knaves or varlets, etc., nor indeed any kind of

according to legend, once the ancient god had been warned that he would be ousted from his kingdom by his son, he devoured his offspring as soon as they were born. Equally perverse, Judith (p.132), represents the Apocryphal saviour of the Israelites who slew Holofernes, the enemy of her people. She is not depicted as the beautiful widow of biblical account, but as a woman clearly capable of murder. 143 144 Promenade of the Holy Office, 1821-1823, oil on plaster transferred onto canvas, 123 x

was appointed official court painter with a fixed annual salary of 15,000 reales. In keeping with his new status, Goya introduced the gentlemanly ‘de’ into his name and bought for 7,000 reales a birlocho, a little English two-wheeled carriage, which was “all gilded and varnished, which people stopped to look at.” Despite the death of Charles III in December 1788, Goya’s career continued to flourish. A few months after Charles IV’s ascension to the throne, Goya was promoted Court Painter. In 1799,

depicts an isolated figure of Christ, looking up in private agony. However unimaginative, the painting finally secured his place in the Academy by unanimous election. Goya quarrels with Bayeu In March 1780, financial problems forced work at the Royal Tapestry Factory to stop, and Goya was free to accept other commissions. He was invited to return to work on the Basilica of El Pilar where, under Francisco Bayeu’s supervision, he was contracted to decorate one of the domes, for a fee of 60,000

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