Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abuse

Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abuse

Language: English

Pages: 354

ISBN: 0789018640

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


A unique and comprehensive reference that no health care professional who encounters substance abusers should be without!

The Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abuse is a cutting-edge evaluation of the medical effects of the most abused drugs in America today. The contributors to this peer-reviewed book include leading experts in medical physiology, psychopharmacology, and neuropsychology. The book describes the most current research on the acute and chronic effects of alcohol, stimulants, inhalants, marijuana, and opiates on human organ systems and behavior. It will also help you explore and understand the prenatal effects of these drugs as well as tobacco and nicotine.

With the Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abuse, you'll be well informed about the cardiovascular, neurological, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and hepatic effects of commonly abused drugs. The book also provides in-depth explanations of the mechanisms by which these psychoactive drugs exert their biobehavioral effects as well as current thinking about—and definitions of—abuse, dependence, and alcohol/drug use.

Here is a sample of what you'll find in this essential book:

  • basic information on alcohol, including definitions of alcohol use, abuse, and dependence
  • descriptions of the relationship between alcohol and accidental injuries, alcohol's effect on skeletal and major organ systems, and its effect on risk factors for certain cancers
  • an examination of the effects of alcohol and other drugs on neuropsychological function
  • an in-depth review of the effects of alcohol on neuron signaling, neurotransmitter function, and alcoholic brain damage and cognitive dysfunction
  • a comprehensive look at the fetal effects of alcohol
  • a clear review of the available information on chronic marijuana use's effects on psychological and physical health, including a fair and balanced discussion of the medical marijuana issue
  • a thoughtful and fact-filled examination of the consequences of opiate abuse and methadone pharmacotherapy, including a comparison of the effects of methadone and heroin on organ system function and dysfunction
  • a look at cocaine's history, the various forms of the drug, and the adverse effects of cocaine on cardiovascular, neurologic, and pulmonary systems
  • an exploration of the medical consequences of inhalants—a very broad category of abused substances ranging from nitrous oxide to gasoline—and how to treat their toxic effects
  • a review of the prenatal effects of nicotine, cocaine, marijuana, and opiates
  • explanations of much of the terminology that appears in the current literature on alcohol

Extraordinarily useful for physicians and other health care professionals, the Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abuse delivers specific information about a range of drugs not found in any similar book. Make it a part of your reference collection today!

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1926). Over the life span, total alcohol consumption is inversely associated with heart damage. The deterioration of heart muscle, a condition known as alcoholic cardiomyopathy, is one of the most serious consequences of chronic heavy drinking. As cardiac cells deteriorate, the unique ability of these cells to contract is impaired. This is particularly significant in the heart’s left ventricle which pumps freshly oxygenated blood throughout the body. Compensatory mechanisms result in an enlarged

function in women. In Zakhari, S. (ed.), Alcohol and the Endocrine System (pp. 139-169). NIAAA Research Monograph No.23, National Institutes of Health Pub. No.93-3533. Bethesda, MD: NIH, NIAAA. Mezey, E.; Kolman, C.I.; Diehl, A.M.; Mitchell, M.C.; Herlong, H.F. (1988). Alcohol and dietary intake in the development of chronic pancreatitis and liver disease in alcoholism. Am Clin Nutr 48(1):148-151. Mingardi, R.; Avogaro, A.; Noventa, F.; Strazzabosco, M.; Stocchiero, C.; Tiengo, A.; Erie, G.

episodes of drinking for days, weeks, or months, compared with a pattern of drinking five or more days a week (Tarbox et al., 1986). Some studies have suggested that left-handedness may be more highly represented among alcohol abusers than is seen in the general population. The exact significance of this finding, however, is uncertain in the absence of more carefully controlled, replicative studies (Hartman, 1995). Handedness has important implications for the interpretation of certain

including seizure, stroke, hemorrhage, transient ischemic attacks, and cerebral vasculitis/spasms, as well as changes in cerebral blood flow and metabolism, we are still beginning to explore the specific ways in which cocaine abuse affects neuropsychological or cognitive functioning (Horner, 1999). In a study of 37 crack abusers, Ardila et al. (1991) observed overall lower neuropsychological test performance in abusers with regard to shortterm verbal memory and attention abilities. In particular,

the brain growth spurt induces brain weight restriction and cerebellar Purkinje cell loss. Alcohol, 7, 107-114. Guerri, C. (1998). Neuroanatomical and neurophysiological mechanisms involved in central nervous system dysfunctions induced by prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 22, 304-312. Hallett, M.; Grafman, J. (1997). Executive function and motor skill learning. In J.D. Schmahmann (ed.), International Review of Neurobiology: Volume 41, The Cerebellum and

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