Historical Dictionary of Marxism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)

Historical Dictionary of Marxism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)

Elliott Johnson, Daniel Gray

Language: English

Pages: 608

ISBN: 144223797X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Marxism covers of the basics of Karl Marx’s thought, the philosophical contributions of later Marxist theorists, and the extensive real-world political organizations and structures his work inspired—that is, the myriad political parties, organizations, countries, and leaders who subscribed to Marxism as a creed.

This text includes a chronology, an introductory essay, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, both thinkers and doers; political parties and movements; and major communist or ex-communist countries. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Marxism.

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the GDR saw fit on 9 November to open up the Berlin Wall under the supposition that if the people of the east were given the concession of freedom of travel, the 06-395_02_A-K.qxd 9/19/06 1:45 PM Page 27 BERLINGUER, ENRICO SASSARI • 27 breakup of the country could be averted. The opening of the wall was hastened along with gusto by thousands of jubilant Germans who gathered amid wild celebrations to tear down the wall and all it stood for. While the SED leaders hoped this concession to

phenomenon with Marx’s prediction of an increasing polarization of classes into the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. This problem 06-395_02_A-K.qxd 56 • 9/19/06 1:45 PM Page 56 CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS points to a central omission in Marx’s writings on class, namely a precise definition of the proletariat. Managers, professionals, housewives/husbands, service workers are all groups that pose problems for delineating the boundaries of the proletariat. Further difficulties concern the

reformists looking to implement free market economic solutions, and traditionalists who feared for the continued survival of the communist regime in Cuba should such reforms be implemented. The result was limited economic reforms and a redefining of the PCC’s status as the “party of the Cuban nation” rather than the “party of the working class.” Threatened by a sudden lack of allies and increased pressure from the United States, at its Fifth Party Conference in 1997 the PCC reaffirmed its

and maintain their position and to ensure obedience to their rule. Power, privilege and a higher standard of living was passed on to their children who benefited from better educational opportunities. This new class became corrupt and alienated from the people, ultimately displaying the key characteristics of a class in the Marxist sense. Djilas saw this form of communism—Marxism/Leninism/Stalinism—as a particularly Russian form of communism that other countries had adopted or had had imposed

that in capitalism the commodity is given the appearance of being the natural source of value by the prevailing social relations. Commodities appear to have a natural and intrinsic value rather than being the value 06-395_02_A-K.qxd 9/19/06 1:45 PM Page 103 FEUDALISM • 103 of the labor power invested in their manufacture. Marx attributes a similar fetishism to wages, profit and rent, which in capitalism have the appearance of being revenue derived from labor, capital and land

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