Manners, Customs, and Dress during the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance Period

Manners, Customs, and Dress during the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance Period

Language: English

Pages: 592

ISBN: 1616081929

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

First published in 1876, Manners, Customs, and Dress during the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance Period offers a fascinating glimpse into the art and lifestyles of the people of the Middle Ages and Renaissance era. Complete with hundreds of illustrations from wooden engravings and more than a dozen replications of beautifully intricate chromolithographic prints, this resurrected classic is rich with history and retains its ancient appeal.

As articulated in the Preface: “Art must be the faithful expression of a society, since it represents it by its works as it has created them . . . But it must be acknowledged that art is only the consequence of the ideas which is expresses; it is the fruit of civilization, not its origin.” This exploration of a cultural movement and the arts and behaviors of its people extends through chapters on the condition of persons and lands; privileges and rights; food and cookery; games and pastimes; commerce; taxes, money, and finance; secret tribunals; punishments; costumes; and more. Within these pages, experience the social and artistic revolution born through the Renaissance and told by a renowned historian of the period.

Toulouse-Lautrec in the Metropolitan Museum of Art



L'Encyclopédia érotica


















chiefs, and served to defray the expenses of their houses or their courts. These chiefs, at each general assembly of the Leudes, or great vassals, received presents of money, of arms, of horses, and of various objects of home or of foreign manufacture. For a long time these gifts were voluntary. The territorial fief, which was given to those soldiers who had deserved it by their military services, involved from the holders a personal service to the King. They had to attend him on his journeys, to

disrepute. Fig. 312.—Judge.—From a Drawing in “Proverbes, Adages, &c.,” Manuscript of the Fifteenth Century, in the Imperial Library of Paris. Louis XI. made the office of member of the Parliament of Paris a permanent one, and Francis I. continued this privilege. In 1580 the supreme magistracy poured 140,000,000 francs, which now would be worth fifteen or twenty times as much, into the State treasury, so as to enable members to sit permanently sur les fleurs de lis, and to obtain hereditary

fur; and three mantles of grey fur. Guillaume de Saint-Yon had generally in his storehouses 300 ox-hides, worth 24 francs each at least; 800 measures of fat, worth 3½ sols each; in his sheds, he had 800 sheep worth 100 sols each; in his safes 500 or 600 silver florins of ready money (the florin was worth 12 francs, which must be multiplied five times to estimate its value in present currency), and his household furniture was valued at 12,000 florins. He gave a dowry of 2,000 florins to his two

of Ghent, Names and Titles of some of the Members of the Corporation of, Fifteenth Century Goldsmiths Group of, Seventeenth Century Grain-measurers of Ghent, Arms of the Grape, Treading the Grocer and Druggist, Shop of a, Seventeenth Century Hanging to Music Hare, How to allure the Hatter Hawking, Lady setting out, Fourteenth Century Hawks, Young, how to make them fly, Fourteenth Century Hay-carriers, Sixteenth Century Herald, Fourteenth Century Heralds, Lodge of the Heron-hawking,

from the same plate. Fig. 128.—Knife-handles in Sculptured Ivory, Sixteenth Century (Collection of M. Becker, of Frankfort). Fig. 129.—Nut-crackers, in Boxwood, Sixteenth Century (Collection of M. Achille Jubinal). Historians relate that in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, at certain gala feasts, the dishes were brought in by servants in full armour, mounted on caparisoned horses; but this is a custom exclusively attached to chivalry. As early as those days, powerful and ingenious

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