Opium (Drugs: The Straight Facts)

Opium (Drugs: The Straight Facts)

Thomas Santella

Language: English

Pages: 120


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Tracing the long and often volatile story of this ancient drug, Opium interweaves strands of science, history, and popular culture, revealing what opium is, how it works, how it is used, and how it affects the body. From mechanical cultivators that extract the milky juice of the opium poppy, to the many legal opium-derived pharmaceutical products used around the world, to the deadly effects of heroin use, the many facets of the Papaver somniferum industry unfold. Author Thomas M. Santella also examines current teenage trends and attitudes toward the drug, along with the legal ramifications of its use. Packed with full-color photographs, illustrations, fact-filled sidebars, a helpful glossary, and more, Opium is a well-grounded introduction to the powerful drug that has both aided and afflicted humanity since before recorded history.

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same time while a watery discharge pours from his eyes and inside the nose, which he compares to “hot water funning up into the mouth.” For a few hours, he falls into an abnormal tossing, restless sleep known among addicts as the yen sleep. On awakening, eighteen to twenty-four hours after his last dose of the drug, the addict begins to enter the lower depths of his personal hell. The yawning may be so violent as to dislocate the jaw, watery mucus pours from the nose and copious tears “God’s Own

such a point that the user falls into a coma and, in some cases, the user may stop breathing altogether. The Advance of Heroin 59 Figure 6.3 Unconscious addict receiving medical treatment. © Ricki Rosen/CORBIS SABA HEROIN TRADE EXPANDS Heroin was at first hailed as a new wonder drug that could effectively reduce coughs and control respiratory problems. Later, although it is much more potent than morphine, heroin was advertised as a cure for morphine addiction. Originally, heroin was

a drug test sample to consider it a positive result. epinephrine—Neurotransmitter that stimulates striated muscle, which is under conscious control. fentanyl—A semi-synthetic opioid that is a much more powerful version of morphine. It is used during surgery as an anesthetic and is extremely dangerous when taken in a nonmedical context. gas chromatography—A method for detecting the presence of illicit drugs in blood or urine. The sample is first inserted into the machine and vaporized (turned

Darvocet-N®, 74 Alodan, 73 opium, 17, 35, 44 Darvon®, 75 America. See United chemical properties of Darvon-N®, 74 States opium, 34–44 deaths, 90, 95 anesthetics, 23 China Demerol®, 73, 75 Anexsia®, 72 anti-opium crusade, depressants (central nerv- Anglo-Oriental Society 51 ous system depres- for the Suppression of British opium trade, 13 sants), 90 114 De Quincey, Thomas, Europe, 12–13. See also definition, 106 13–14, 45, 46 “French Connection”; detection period, 96

from methadone, 73 heroin, 59–63 century opium use, World War II, effect on Opium Wars, 29–33 14–15 opium trade, 78 Portuguese, 12–13 urine test, 90, 92, worldwide heroin trade, 16th–19th centuries, 94–95 62–63 26–33 U.S. Drug Enforcement Wright, C. R. Alder, 14, 55 treatment of addiction, Administration 52–53, 59 (DEA), 61, 100–103. 118 About the Author Thomas M. Santella holds a Bachelor’s degree in Secondary English Education and is pursuing a Master of History degree at

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