Ritalin and Other Methylphenidate-Containing Drugs (Drugs: The Straight Facts)

Ritalin and Other Methylphenidate-Containing Drugs (Drugs: The Straight Facts)

Carmen Ferreiro

Language: English

Pages: 112

ISBN: 0791076377

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Examines the history, health effects, medical use, and abuse of a stimulant drug prescribed to treat hyperactivity and inattentiveness in children.

Mosby's 2017 Nursing Drug Reference (30th Edition)

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Attention-Deficit /Hyperactivity Disorder 37 specific, brief, positive comments when he or she is doing the right thing; praise good behavior; ignore negative attention-getting behavior; and give short but consistent time-outs for bad behavior. In general, experience and research agree that, in the long run, an approach that combines the behavioral interventions described above with medication is more effective in treating ADHD symptoms than medication alone. Diller offers an interesting

mg tablet of Ritalin may contain up to 20 mg of the drug. The rest is made up of inert ingredients (lactose, starch, polyethylene glycol, magnesium stearate, sucrose, talc, cellulose, mineral oil, and various dyes and conditioning agents) that are added to make the pill large enough to handle. All these ingredients, plus other contaminants (such as dust and pollen), are introduced into the body when the user crushes the pill, dissolves it in water, and injects it. Although harmless when taken by

Addiction, Administration (DEA), Dolphins, 42 The (Peele), 72 64, 71–72, 81–85 Hyperactivity, 15, Methamphetamine, 8, and drug scheduling, 18–19, 27, 31, 38, 64, 81, 83 8, 10, 84–85 69, 82 Methylphenidate, see production quota, causes, 22–25, 40–41 also Concerta; Ritalin 15–16, 59–60, defined, 29, 52, 57–58 addiction and abuse 82–85 treatment, 8, 12–14, risk, 8, 12, 68, 85 Dyskinesias, 20 21, 26, 30, 34–35 defined, 8–10 102 discovery, 8, 12–13 Rapoport, Judy, 13

60 minutes of taking the medication, they peak within 1 to 3 hours, and they disappear after 3 to 5 hours. Within 12 to 24 hours, the drug has been totally metabolized by the body and is out of the system. There are also sustained-release forms of methylphenidate. The effects of Ritalin SR® (sustained release) last from 4 to 6 hours. A newer formulation called Concerta™, which arrived on the market in 2002, lasts up to 12 hours and needs to be taken only once daily. The short-term positive

would make them prone to getting in trouble with the law later in life. He considered this a chronic condition and hypothesized that the problem was either hereditary or the result of some birth-related brain injury. In the years 1917 –1918, after an outbreak of encephalitis (a viral infection of the brain), some of the children who survived the disease showed behavioral and cognitive impairment— mainly hyperactivity, failure to control impulses, and impaired attention—the same symptoms that

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