Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet

Language: English

Pages: 92

ISBN: 1505259568

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. Its plot is based on an Italian tale, translated into verse as The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet by Arthur Brooke in 1562 and retold in prose in Palace of Pleasure by William Painter in 1567. Shakespeare borrowed heavily from both but, to expand the plot, developed supporting characters, particularly Mercutio and Paris. Believed to have been written between 1591 and 1595, the play was first published in a quarto version in 1597. This text was of poor quality, and later editions corrected it, bringing it more in line with Shakespeare's original. Shakespeare's use of his poetic dramatic structure, especially effects such as switching between comedy and tragedy to heighten tension, his expansion of minor characters, and his use of sub-plots to embellish the story, has been praised as an early sign of his dramatic skill. The play ascribes different poetic forms to different characters, sometimes changing the form as the character develops. Romeo, for example, grows more adept at the sonnet over the course of the play.

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voice, should be a Montague. 55 ( to Servant) Fetch me my rapier,53 boy.What, dares the slave Come hither, covered with an antic54 face, To fleer55 and scorn56 at our solemnity?57 Now by the stock58 and honor of my kin, 40 to burn ϭ how properly to burn 41 hangs upon ϭ is suspended on, decorates 42 (bright/glittering objects are seen more vividly against a dark background) 43 great, exalted, noble, splendid, fine, luxurious 44 for use ϭ to be used/usefully employed 45 (1) precious,

be younger than husbands; legal limits on marriageable age (a relatively recent development) tend to recognize and enforce custom. In the southern states of the United States, not so long ago, males were permitted to marry at sixteen, females at fourteen. It is generally accepted that maturation accelerates in warmer climates—and Shakespeare’s play is set in Italy. Indeed, Mary Queen of Scots had been married at fifteen. For a marriage to be permissible, in England at that time, the minimal age

fie.What, are you mad? Juliet Good father, I beseech you on my knees, Hear me with patience but to speak a word. she kneels 160 Capulet Hang thee, young baggage, disobedient wretch! I tell thee what. Get thee to church a107 Thursday Or never after look me in the face. Speak not, reply not, do not answer me. My fingers itch.Wife, we scarce108 thought us blest 165 That God had lent us but this only child, But now I see this one is one too much, And that we have a curse in having her.

away, come out 10 swift progress 11 halted 174 act 5 • scene 2 So fearful were they of infection. Friar Unhappy fortune!12 By my brotherhood, The letter was not nice,13 but full of charge,14 Of dear import,15 and the neglecting it16 May do much danger.17 Friar John, go hence, 20 Get me an iron crow18 and bring it straight Unto my cell. John Brother, I’ll go and bring it thee. exit Friar Now must I to the monument alone. Within this three hours will fair Juliet wake. She will

all-cheering sun Should in the farthest East begin to draw The shady curtains139 from Aurora’s140 bed, 145 Away from light steals home my heavy141 son And private in his chamber pens himself, Shuts up his windows, locks fair142 daylight out And makes himself an artificial night. Black143 and portentous144 must this humor prove,145 150 Unless good counsel146 may the cause remove. Benvolio My noble uncle, do you know the cause? Montague I neither know it nor can learn of 147 him.

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