Language: French

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Bien que la sculpture soit née avant la peinture, elle a longtemps été considérée comme un simple complément de l'architecture, le plus ancien des trois arts majeurs. Utilisant les mêmes matériaux (bois, pierre, et marbre), elle semblait n'être faite que pour servir d'ornementation à cette dernière. Elle a pu cependant imposer peu à peu sa valeur propre et son autonomie.Cette indépendance est venue avec le besoin de représenter le corps humain. L'homme admirait d'abord l'univers dans son entier. Mais il se tourna ensuite vers la contemplation de son propre corps, qu'il perçut comme le seul capable, parmi toutes les formes de la nature, de correspondre pleinement à son esprit et ses aspirations. Il s'agissait toutefois d'un corps d'une beauté supéririeure, régi par des lois de proportion et de symétrie, un corps idéal, réinventé en fait par le travail des sculpteurs ! C'est ainsi que naquirent une longue tradition et évolution de la sculpture. Cet ouvrage propose au lecteur 23 000 ans de sculpture et plus de 120 exemples parmi les plus belles sculptures du monde : de l'art préhistorique à Henry Moore, sans oublier la statuaire égyptienne, Michel-Ange ou Niki de Saint-Phalle.

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have, throughout the ages, evolved very little except for the process of firing clay from terra-cotta to elaborately glazed ceramics. The Holy Women at the Tomb Donatello, 1465 bronze San Lorenzo, Florence 100 101 Carving has for centuries used the same materials: stone, wood, bone and more recently plastic, and the same tools: hammers, chisels, drills, gauges and saws. In order to carry out monumental works from small studies, Madonna of Capuchin Luca Della Robbia, 1475 polychrome

beauty of materials and of expression in metal sculpting. The 20th-century Surrealist sculpture uses the juxtaposition of contradicting objects while Virgin at Stairs Michelangelo, 1491-1492 relief in marble, 55.5 x 40 cm Casa Buonarroti, Florence 106 107 the artist Marcel Duchamp, with his rejection of any traditional artistic and cultural values placed himself as a Dadaist, and created “Ready-Mades” (Fountain, in 1917/1964, Bicycle Wheel, in 1913, Bottle Rack, in 1914/1964). Blaubeuren

the accessory and complement of the eldest of the three arts: architecture. Executed using the same materials as in architecture – wood, stone and marble – sculpture was initially seen as ornament for architecture. The Brassempouy Lady, Grotte du Pape Circa 22000 B.C. Ivory, height 3 cm Museum of National Antiques Saint-Germain-en-Laye 8 9 However, little by little, sculpture soon established itself as an independent and dignified art. After having admired the universe, man started to

significant place in Matisse’s artistic career. Amulet 1911 bone, glass beads, hide and intestinal membranes of sea creatures, 12 cm 192 193 Matisse let his sculptural preoccupations invade his painting. The distortions and the simplifications of the nude anatomy in his paintings reflect those that feature in certain bronze sculptures from the same time. Oviri Paul Gauguin stoneware, 75 x 19 x 27 cm Musée d’Orsay, Paris 194 195 Henry Moore (1898-1986) The son of a coalminer, he was

Much of his work is monumental, and he is particularly well known for a series of reclining nudes. His work is characterized by organic forms, abstraction and his use of bronze and stone. The Cathedral Rodin, 1908 stone musée Rodin, Paris 198 199 Bruce Naumann (1941) Bruce Naumann was born in Fort Wayne, Indiana on 6 December 1941. During his youth, he learnt how to play the classical guitar and piano. Later, at Wisconsin University, he went on to study music on an informal basis together

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