The Dutch and German Communist Left 1900-68: Neither Lenin Nor Trotsky Nor Stalin! (Historical Materialism)

The Dutch and German Communist Left 1900-68: Neither Lenin Nor Trotsky Nor Stalin! (Historical Materialism)

Language: English

Pages: 612

ISBN: 9004269770

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The Dutch-German Communist Left, represented by the German KAPD-AAUD, the Dutch KAPN and the Bulgarian Communist Workers Party, separated from the Comintern (1921) on questions like electoralism, trade-unionism, united fronts, the one-party state and anti-proletarian violence. It attracted the ire of Lenin, who wrote his Left Wing Communism, "An Infantile Disorder against the Linkskommunismus," while Herman Gorter wrote a famous response in his pamphlet "Reply to Lenin." The present volume provides the most substantial history to date of this tendency in the twentieth-century Communist movement. It covers how the Communist left, with the KAPD-AAU, denounced 'party communism' and 'state capitalism' in Russia; how the German left survived after 1933 in the shape of the Dutch GIK and Paul Mattick s councils movement in the USA; and also how the Dutch Communistenbond Spartacus continued to fight after 1942 for the world power of the workers councils, as theorised by Pannekoek in his book "Workers Councils" (1946)."

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“above all to form an organized workers’ movement which can take its place, as an autonomous party, alongside those of the bourgeoisie” (Troelstra, Gedenkschriften. – Groei, II, 1928, p. 137). 20 Finally, the split was premature. A growing minority of the SDB, shortly to become the majority, was coming around to the electoral strategy. In 1897, the SDB – the largest workers’ party, with 2,000 militants – put up candidates, gaining several seats on the town councils and even one in Parliament.

4th March 1926 (map 241/1, Canne-Meijer archives) entitled “warrant for arrest”. Both were excluded “for their reformist attitude, links with groups of the Third International, and betrayal of the organisation”. She and her husband were friends of the Franz and Cläre Jung couple, and joined probably the Rote Kämpfer group at the beginnings of the 30s. They immigrated to New York, where they were living in 1971 (See: „Cläre Jung/Katja und Wassili Ruminoff. Rote Kämpfer, Ein Briefwechsel“, in

Frankfurt 1976, p. 38-73. See also, Marx, Engels, La Social-Démocratie allemande, ed. 10/18, Paris 1975. 9. Marcel Liebman, Les Socialistes belges 1885-1914: La Révolte et l’Organisation, Vie Ouvrière. Brussels 1979, p. 53-110. 10. Albert de Jong, op cit., p. 35-40. 11. The ‘twelve apostles’ [twaalf apostelen] were: Levie Cohen [1864-1930] (Zwolle), shopkeeper; Jan Antoon Fortuijn [1855-1940] (Amsterdam), clark, future publisher of the theoretical review De Nieuwe Tijd; Adrien H. Gerhard

(East Indies). The colonial companies were the fleuron of the Dutch capital: the West India Company (West Indische Compagnie, or WIC) and particularly the United East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, or VOC). This last one was born in 1602, as a joint-stock company, to which was granted the monopoly on the trade ‘East of the Cape of Good Hope”. Led by a capitalist federal board of directors, which became known as the Heeren XVII, the VOC had the right to wage war and to conclude

movement, (91) held in September in Stockholm, it revealed its refusal to commit itself resolutely to the road towards the 3rd International. A verbal radicalism, used once again to condemn ‘opportunism’, barely concealed the Wijnkoop leadership’s narrowly national policy. Its internationalism was purely verbal, and was more often determined by the surrounding ambience. It is no surprise that during the debates over Brest-Litovsk, on the question of peace or revolutionary war, the leadership took

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