The English Country House Explained

The English Country House Explained

Trevor Yorke

Language: English

Pages: 104

ISBN: B0140EC8H4

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Most of England's country houses are packed with masterpieces of art and antiques. They also have vast landscaped gardens, often with lakes and fountains. Recent television series and films (such as Downton Abbey and Gosford Park) have spurred on the public's interest in these grand and glamorous houses which reflect all the splendour of England's glory years. Using original colour drawings, diagrams and photographs, Trevor Yorke takes the reader on a careful tour of the country house and describes its features, exterior and interior, upstairs and downstairs. He looks at the different periods of large country houses from the mid 1500s up to 1914, explaining the changing architectural styles and the tastes of those who had them built. He describes the rooms within the main house and their role over the centuries. There is a glossary of architectural terms and a quick reference time chart, listing country house architects and the notable buildings they designed, with drawings of the period details that help to date the houses.

From Filippo Lippi to Piero della Francesca: Fra Carnevale and the Making of a Renaissance Master (Metropolitan Museum of Art)

Joan Mitchell: Lady Painter

Leonardo: La Gioconda (Art dossier Giunti)













with inspiration coming from 16th-century manor houses, with timber-framed gables, mullion windows and tall chimneys. It was notable for being the first house to have electric lighting. As Norman Shaw turned his attention to developing new styles like the Queen Anne-style based upon the houses of the late 17th century with Dutch gables and white painted woodwork, (most timber was painted dark colours or grained to look like hardwood in this period), those who had been educated in his practice

timber-framing. Stone from small quarries worked for just the one project tends to be found in highland areas of the north, the west and the limestone belt of central England, with timber specially reserved for the lord from within his manor being used in most other regions. Although the Romans introduced brick to these shores, after they departed it was not used again until the Late Medieval period, when it became a fashionable material for the finest buildings in the eastern counties. The

drink and sleep. It was where local justice could be administered, farmland managed, men gathered with arms and guests were entertained. It was the heart of the community, where all classes were accepted. In the middle of this tall space would have been a hearth with the fumes from the fire drifting up through a gap in the roof, with at one end a raised platform called the dais on which the lord sat, often with a large window illuminating it, and the other a screen which helped keep out the

as in large banqueting houses set in the garden as in this example at the former Campden House, Chipping Campden, Oxfordshire. The Dining Room By the 18th century, the great chamber was replaced by two rooms: the saloon and the dining room. The latter was used for important meals and became a major element in country houses where it was as much for show as for eating. Walls were usually plastered or stuccoed with floral, fruit and animal designs around the cornice and friezes, while shutters

a façade or on the dormer windows in the roof. Baroque houses would have more imposing doorways with, in this case, the pediment broken by a huge keystone. The horizontal grooves cut into the side pillars are a style of decoration known as rustication; a favourite decoration of the architect John Vanbrugh. FIG 3.10: A selection of arched and round windows from Baroque houses. FIG 3.11: From the 1680s, sash windows appear for the first time and quickly become popular. It is hazardous to try

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