The Russian Revolution, 1900-1927 (Studies in European History)

The Russian Revolution, 1900-1927 (Studies in European History)

Robert Service

Language: English

Pages: 116


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This popular, concise and highly readable study discusses the key themes and debates about the Russian Revolution. Robert Service's lively analysis examines:
• state and society under the Romanovs from 1900
• the February and October Revolutions of 1917
• the final years of the Romanov dynasty and the start of the Soviet order
• comparisons with political, social and economic trends elsewhere in the world
• the extent to which the later development of the USSR was conditioned by the October Revolution.

Clear and incisive, the fourth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated in the light of the latest research and features a new scene-setting Introduction and maps. Service's text remains the essential starting point for anyone studying this tumultuous period in the history of Russia and the world in the twentieth century.

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orientated upon civilian consumer production to gain a share in the wartime financial cake, and the opposition to the monarchy became entrenched among them (27:30). Thin cats wanted to be fat cats. Nor could Nikolai II count on much support even from the landed nobility. Its sons who served as army officers died thick and fast on the Eastern front, and the replacements in the trenches tended to be non-nobles who had less concern about the maintenance of the autocracy. Meanwhile the morale of the

opposition (169:53). Industrial targets rose steeply. In order to secure food supplies and also to boost grain exports (which would facilitate the purchase of foreign technology) it was determined to push peasants forcibly into collective farms, and, lest resistance be shown, the minority of kulaks were refused permission to stay on their land. Hundreds of thousands were shipped to Siberia. The terrorised peasantry, starving in the countryside by 1932, migrated in their millions to the towns in

before 1917 6-7,20-21,25 and after 64-65,73 output figures before 1917 6-7,25 and after 1917 49,59,64 range of products 6-7, 19, 20 technical sophistication 6, 65, 71 investment in industry 6,21,62 purchases of industrial products 25, 49, 50 imports of industrial goods 6,21,65 exports of industrial goods 65 prices of industrial goods 25, 64 capital goods sector 6,21,64-65 consumer goods sector 7 inflation 25, 35, 49 intellectuals 13, 37, 65, 82 see also individual thinkers and leaders

intelligentsia, see intellectuals Internationale 47 international relations, see f9reign policy, Russo-Japanese war, First World War investment, see foreign industrial investment, and under agriculture, industry Ireland 11, 12 iron 3, 6, 26, 35, 71 Islam 66,67 see also Moslems Italy 2,61 Ivanovo-Voznesensk 48 Japan 2,4 see also Russo-Japanese war Jews 16,59 see also anti-semitism Kadets 15,22,27,28,29,30,33,34, 38, 44, 46, 55, 60 Kamenev, L. B. 48,71 Kerenski, A. F. 38,43,44,47,53 Khodynka 18

SocialistRevolutionaries potatoes 7 Pravda 60 Preobrazhenski, E. A. 71 press, the 17,46,54,66 prices, see inflation and under agriculture, industry priests 5, 30 printing 9 private commerce: under absolute monarchy 6,7,9, 19,25,27 under Provisional Government 35, 36 under Soviet government 49,53,63, 64,66,68 Prodamet 25 professions, the 13,28,31,75 Progressists 27, 34 Progressive Bloc 27 provincial governors 4, 30 Provisional Government 28-30,31, 32,33-34,36,38,39,40,42,43, 45,51,53 its personnel

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