Uygur Patronage in Dunhuang: Regional Art Centres on the Northern Silk Road in the Tenth Century (Brill's Inner Asian Library)

Uygur Patronage in Dunhuang: Regional Art Centres on the Northern Silk Road in the Tenth Century (Brill's Inner Asian Library)

Lilla Russell-Smith

Language: English

Pages: 364

ISBN: 900414241X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This volume is about the long-neglected, but decisive influence of Uygur patrons on Dunhuang art in the tenth and eleventh centuries. Through an insightful introduction to the hitherto little-known early history and art of the Uygurs, the author explains the social and political forces that shaped the taste of Uygur patrons. The cultural and political effects of Sino-Uygur political marriages are examined in the larger context of the role of high-ranking women in medieval art patronage.

Careful study of the iconography, technique and style sheds new light on important paintings in the collection of the British Museum in London, and the Musée national des Arts asiatiques-Guimet, in Paris, and through comparative analysis the importance of regional art centres in medieval China and Central Asia is explored. Richly illustrated with line drawings, as well as colour and black-and-white plates.

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zheltykh uigurov [The language of the Yellow Uygurs], Alma-Ata: Isdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, 195 7. 2 14 CHAPTER FOUR situated close to each other, including Qj.anfodong -T1?1lifnl (Thousand Buddha Caves) andjinlaSi �j:if� (Golden Pagoda Temple). Although these cave temples were damaged during the Cultural Revolution, they have been partially published by the Chinese, and Marilyn Rhie has drawn scholarly attention to the existence of the Matisi caves.136 She argues that

16, Xiryiang slziku bilma, [The complete edition of China's Fine Arts, paioting, vol. J 6, Painting of the Xinjiang Cave Temples], Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1989. ---: "Xinjiang Baicheng Kizier shiku bufen do.ngkude yu niandai" [Types and dating of some caves at Kizil in Baicheng, Xinjiang], io Su Bai:

Karabalghasun inscription. Takao Moriyasu: "A Report on the Mongol-Japanese Expeditions of 1996.-97 in Mongolia", CL4A Newsletf£1� 7, 1 998, p. 8. 46 CHAPTER ONE several major urban centres. In 1885 D. A. Klementz was the first to excavate ruined fortifications. The Sayan-Altai Expedition in 194 7, led by S. V. Kiselev, in addition to renewing excavation work on the known ruins, also found three new towns. By the fifties twelve city ruins were known in the Tuva area alone.94 Tuva, 1n

providing evidence for local manufacture. Furthermore, a thorough examination of the collection at the Museum fur Indische Kunst in Berlin has not revealed any painting fragments that show exactly the same combination of stylistic influences and techniques employed as seen in these paintings. This provides indirect evidence that these paintings were not manufactured in the Turfan area, although the collaboration of Uygur artists in preparing these paintings in Dunhuang is a likely possibility.

Avalokitdvara. Maria Dorothea Reis-Habi�o ha$ given a detailed explanation of bow the cult of this deity became popular in China. She has explained the scriptural development, and given a complete translation of the Q__iansfwu qianya,n guamhiyin pus a guangda yuanman wuai tuoluonijing f "ff m.�U.t ! :t{fi ��� 40 J. Gies: ACA, pp. 24-29. 4 1 \t\'hitfield: ACA, vol I, p. 314. 42 fbid., p. 3 I 3 UYGUR BANNERS PAINTED IN DUNHAi'I'G 127 �;k�mi�*f�"��Fti�� from Chinese into Gennan.43 The

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