Winter Warfare: Red Army Orders and Experiences (Soviet (Russian) Study of War)

Winter Warfare: Red Army Orders and Experiences (Soviet (Russian) Study of War)

Language: English

Pages: 202

ISBN: 0714642371

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Based on German and Soviet military archival material, this book provides an insight into the tactics and planning for combat in a winter climate. It also studies the mechanisms for change in an army during the course of battle.
The first part of the book looks at the tactical pamphlet 'People's Commissar for Defence Order No. 109', as passed by Red Army units on 4 March 1941, which provided regulations for combat in Winter. The second part of the book, using material from the Soviet military archives, reveals Red Army General Staff supplements to the winter regulation.

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with shell crates on a volokusha-boat No.3 and two volokushas No.1. Transport the 82 mm mortar in the volokusha-boat No .3 disassembled with the base plate removed (figure 24). Tow the volokusha-boat No.3 with one or two soldiers (figure 25) or one horse. To fire, remove the mortar from the sled. Transport the consigned accessories of the 82 mm mortar on two volokushas in five cases. Tow the volokusha carrying ammunition with one or two soldiers (figure 26). When transporting the 82 mm shells

them on the ground within the laidout borders of the twig hut's outline; the roof surface maintains the necessary slope. 115 APPENDIX 7 To increase the stability of the constructed frame, weave a lattice of long twigs between the top ends of the branches on the rooftop. To assemble the main slopes of the roof, the wood should correspond with the ends of the roof rafter branches. The places where the branches rest are bound with brushwood or wire. Braid the woodcovered roof slope with the

tasks and actions for the elimination ofinjuries to horses and maintenance measures for weapons and vehicles. The regulation identifies planning guidance for missions and actions by combat arms and combat support units, such as the movement speed of various types of troops. For example, infantry actions without skis dep end on depth of snow, and the regulation recommends the use of uolokushas (shallow canoe-like snow boats with shaft runners), for 6 INTRODUCTION increasing the mobility of

solidly, all directions and roads which are most accessible in winter to enemy movement; to create a defense from individual strongpoints and centers of resistance, closing off more threatened directions; to commit second echelons and reserves on skis; to clear roads ofsnow and lay ski trails along directions ofone's own counterattacks, making wide use of anti-infantry and antitank obstacles. Gaps between strongpoints are protected by artillery and machinegun crossfire, and by designated ski

skis, and repair winter clothing before the onset of winter. It is necessary to train not only individual special units, but troops as a whole for winter operations. All offensive operations in the winter of 1941/42 - the counterstrike at Moscow, the Tula, Kaluga, Tikhvin, Kalinin, Toropets and other operations - were executed not by individual formations and units, but by whole armies and fronts . These operations could not be limited to the use of individual units well prepared for winter

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